How To Protect Your Self On the Web And Reinforce Security

cybersecurity

You usually get infected because your security settings are too low or you blindly click yes to everything or click on every link. This article will show you how to protect yourself and reinforce security

“The user is the best Antivirus”, maybe someone said this sentence before me, I don’t know. But with many years on the web and the fear of being attacked or infected by viruses taught me that the user is the only one who can protect himself from being attacked on the web.

So to test my theory, I worked with a pc without an antivirus software even Windows defender for a while like 3 months. By the end, I downloaded many antivirus software and installed them separately then I scanned my pc. The result was incredible, I didn’t find any virus or malware. I know it’s hard to believe but I did it with a very careful way, how I did it? Read this article to be informed.

N.B: I don’t recommend you to work on your computer without antivirus software, I did it just for test.

1.Set your windows file browser to Show “File Name Extension”

What’s that mean? that means that your windows explorer will show the type of your files by showing their extensions like in the photo below. To activate this option that came inactive by default, open your windows explorer and click on the view tab then check “File Name Extension”. This will show you the type of files you have by adding a (.) and an abbreviation like (exe, docx, pdf …). So if you saw any suspicious extension don’t click on it, google it. If you find it normal do what you have to do, either way deleting.

You maybe intersted in (security related): SandBox What Is It And How To Enable It

If you are not able to google the extension or you don’t have the technical knowledge, I recommend you to use this tool “Kaspersky Advisor”. This tool will tell you the opinion of people over the world that used the correspondent file if it’s safe to play it or not, all you have to do is upload your file or type its name and Kaspersky will tell if it’s safe or not.

2.Verify every link before clicking on it:

The web is URLs, you are clicking on them all the time. You have to know that not just downloading infected files that will infect your computer, sometimes just clicking on a link infect you, by downloading and installing the malware in the background without knowing what’s happening in the user side. In some cases, the Url that you are clicking is quite similar to a real one that demands you to enter a personal data like username and password to steal it, that is what called “Phishing”, so you have to verify every link before clicking, how to do that? On every web browser (Google Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Safari…) when you hover over a link or a text related to a Url, it will show you the real Url in the bottom of the page, read the beginning of that URL because sometimes it’s big and impossible to read it all, if it’s what you want click on it if not avoid it.

3. Don’t download Anything:

Download your programs from trusted websites like the official website. Don’t ever download a crack or patch, they will tell you it’s clean file no virus no malware!! and more, they tell you to disable your antivirus when downloading and installing the file. In the web don’t trust any one you don’t know. In these last years, it appears a new way to hack with no virus and no malware. When you install an app or visit a suspicious website the owner uses your computer resources for mining (if you don’t know what mining is, Google it), it’s a way to get many from you by using your hardware while you using the program or the website, So be careful, scan every file you downloaded with your antivirus software.

4. Listenning music and watch video on suspicous website

If you are listening to paid music or watching a paid video or movie in a website freely, there is a good chance that the website tries to install malware to your device so like I said before use just trusted websites.

5.Smart Screen Filter:

Keeping it turned on at all times will protect you and reinforce security a lot. If you are using Vista or Windows 7 then Internet Explorer 9 (on Vista) and 11 (on W7) has an inbuilt smart filter that scans all websites that you visit and all web-based downloads. It will alert you and block access to known infected websites and unknown or malicious executable files that you are attempting to download. It won’t block .zip or .rar files. Obviously, Smart Filter only works if you use Internet Explorer as your browser and not if you use Firefox, Chrome or another browser. If you are using Windows 8.1 or Windows 10 then you are much better protected because Smart Filter is inbuilt to Windows exactly in Windows Defender. It scans, checks, and blocks ( if needed) any file you download or open on your computer. This way it works on all browsers and any files received by email as well as web scanning. Other browsers have similar protection that should always be left turned on.

6. Keep your system and program up to date

keeping Windows and your programs updated prevent your device from being infected with the recent and most known malware, so don’t forget that and do it when you get a chance.

N.B:
I do not recommend that you have Java installed at all unless you absolutely need it. The amount of malware infections that occur due to Java vulnerabilities is so high nowadays. The vast majority of users get by very well without Java but IF you do need it then: Oracle Java gets updated frequently so make sure you update it regularly and uninstall any previous versions once you have done so.

7. The most antivirus and anti-malware software recommended:

Nowdays, there is many antivirus that spread on the web, but not all of them are effective so I suggest this products for you:

  • Kaspersky Labs: this company is known for its protection, it has many products like :
    – Kaspersky
    Internet security
    Kaspersky Total Security
  • Eset Smart security (My favorite)
  • Malwarebytes Antimalware: The antivirus software could not be installed alongside each other but Malwarebytes Antimalware can be installed with any other antivirus.
  • Windows Defender: it was weak and useless in the previous versions of windows (W7, W8, W8.1)
    but with Windows 10, Microsoft didn’t hard work to make it count. My opinion on Windows Defender is worth to be used in Windows 10, you can use alone or add Malwarebytes Antimalware for more security.

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